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What does a womans bladder look like

A dropped or prolapsed bladder cystocele occurs when the bladder bulges into the vaginal space. It results when the muscles and tissues that support the bladder give way. Anterior vaginal prolapse, also known as a cystocele SIS-toe-seel or a prolapsed bladder, is when the bladder drops from its normal position in the pelvis and pushes on the wall of the vagina. The organs of the pelvis — including the bladder, uterus and intestines — are normally held in place by the muscles and connective tissues of the pelvic floor.

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Bladder Health: What Every Woman Should Know About Stress Urinary Incontinence


Repair of Bladder Prolapse (Cystocele) or Urethra Prolapse (Urethrocele)

The leaks have stopped, thanks to a class aimed at strengthening her pelvic floor — the hammock of muscles that supports the internal organs, including the bladder, bowels, and uterus. Leaks, urinary pain, wild sprints to the ladies' room, and a purse packed with pads are a reality for millions of American women. Yet two out of three of us never tell our doctors, and those who do speak up have waited, on average, 6. Instead, we cross our legs with every sneeze, scope out the fastest route to the toilet at parties, and hope for the aisle seat at movies and on airplanes.

If that's you, here's the headline: Women's biggest urinary problems are all treatable. Often, easy solutions like exercises, weight loss, and a couple of new habits goodbye, diet-cola refills! Even when the problem is stubborn, there are new, effective treatments.

Out: cranberry juice to treat bladder infections. In: behavioral therapy for "tiny bladder syndrome. If you've got annoying symptoms, read the scenarios below, then learn about the newest ways to fix the problem you're not talking about. You leak when you laugh, cough, sneeze, exercise, carry heavy stuff, or have sex.

WHAT'S HAPPENING Pregnancy, childbirth, extra pounds, declining estrogen levels in perimenopause and menopause, and normal age-related muscle loss can all weaken pelvic-floor muscles, resulting in more pressure on your bladder and on your urethra — the tube that carries urine out of your bladder. STAT It's the most common form of incontinence in women, affecting one in four from ages 25 through 44 and one in three from 45 through Instead, sip water or herbal tea slowly, over a half hour or an hour, Dr.

Whitmore suggests. Cut back on caffeine, carbonation, alcohol, artificial sweeteners, citrus, and tomato juice, all of which can irritate your bladder. A specially fitted vaginal pessary, a rubber device somewhat like a contraceptive diaphragm, can lift your bladder and keep your urethra shut.

Sling surgery uses a synthetic material to support the urethra in a position that reduces pressure. Another option: injections of a gel-like substance to thicken the wall of the urethra.

Your M. Diuretic drugs, diabetes, nerve damage, and serious neurological conditions can cause this disconnect, though in most cases, no one knows why the condition develops. A third of them also have stress incontinence. For both overactive bladder and combo symptoms, they can improve or even resolve incontinence, say University of Minnesota researchers, who reviewed 99 studies:. Since urge incontinence is often tied to specific cues, a diary can help you uncover them. I've got plenty of sophisticated diagnostic equipment, but the bladder diary is one of the best tools for seeing patterns and finding solutions.

Anna Raisor, 56, who works in website technology for a large corporation, had mixed stress and urge incontinence that began in her 30s and kept her from meeting friends for dinner or taking her two children on outdoor adventures. Try acupuncture. And there are many medications — tolterodine Detrol and solifenacin Vesicare are well-known ones — your doctor may prescribe.

Burning pain and frequent urges, plus cloudy urine and sometimes fever. Low estrogen after menopause boosts UTI odds by making the vaginal wall thinner and more susceptible to bacteria, which can be transmitted to the bladder, Dr. Abbasy says. Instead, try:. Whitmore says, "so you may need a different antibiotic to stop an infection. In a European study of women prone to repeat UTIs, those who took antibiotics were half as likely to have another infection as those who took capsules containing a cranberry extract.

Urinating after sex, which she might not have mentioned, is also wise. Probiotics, found in yogurt with live active cultures check the carton , may help, too.

So can wearing cotton-crotch underwear, which makes the area drier and less bacteria-friendly. Your urine stream is slow, stops and starts, or doesn't empty your bladder completely. You may also have pain during sex. Knight explains. STAT Experts aren't sure how widespread the problem is or what causes it, but they believe it may be what underlies pelvic pain for many women.

These techniques can help:. She can also check for weakness or spasms in the muscles of your lower back and hips that can make your pelvic floor tense up. Ask your doctor for names of therapists who specialize in pelvic-floor disorders. You may feel bulges in the wall of your vagina, as well as pressure, low-back pain, or pain during sex. Having had pelvic surgeries or several vaginal births, carrying extra weight, and aging all raise risk. STAT Three out of four women ultimately have at least some degree of pelvic-organ prolapse.

Knight says. If you need more support and want to avoid surgery, a pessary can help. To isolate your pelvic-floor muscles before exercising them: Contract the muscles you use to stop the passing of gas.

You want to strengthen both fast-twitch and slow-twitch muscle fibers, so you won't leak when you sneeze and so you can go all day without a problem. The long hold: Relax your body as you tighten your pelvic-floor muscles; hold the squeeze for five to 10 seconds, then relax for five to 10 seconds. Build up to holding the squeeze for a count of 10, and do 20 repeats.

The quick flick: Do a fast, strong squeeze, then release. Relax for five to 10 seconds; repeat. Work up to 20 per day.

If Kegels are difficult, start while lying down. Later do them seated, then standing. Eventually, do them in any position that makes you leak — such as when you go from sitting to standing — and at times that cue strong urges — when you wash your hands, for example. Not sure you're getting it? Find a physical therapist who specializes in women's health at womens healthapta.

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Urinary incontinence

The bladder is a round, bag-like organ that stores urine. It is located in the pelvic area, just below the kidneys and right behind the pelvic bone. While it is basically a fleshy storage tank, it is very complex in its design. The bladder is typically the size of a large grapefruit, according to the Weill Cornell Medical College. It can stretch much larger when needed, though, and shrinks back when it is empty.

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You may want to look at their policies. When the pelvic floor muscles surrounding the bladder weaken or loosen, the bladder is no longer supported, causing it to slouch against the vagina and creating an obstruction or bulge in the vaginal cavity. Prolapsed bladders in women are commonly associated with menopause. The lower levels of estrogen associated with menopause can cause the vaginal walls to weaken.

Female Urology and External Sexual Anatomy

In both men and women, the urology system is the part of the body that deals with urination. It doesn't take a doctor to know that the urology-related anatomy of men and women look very different, at least from the outside. However, internally, they are similar—the kidneys of both men and women, for example, look and function the same for both genders. But we also differ in some ways, too—women have much shorter ureters the tube that connects your bladder to your urethra and therefore are at greater risk of bladder infections. This article breaks it down into steps. The urology system starts with the kidneys. Most people are born with two that are located in the back of the abdominal cavity just above the waist and along the spinal column. In adults, each kidney is fist-sized and shaped like a bean. Via arteries and veins, the kidneys are connected to the body's vascular blood system.

Bladder: Facts, Function & Diseases

The leaks have stopped, thanks to a class aimed at strengthening her pelvic floor — the hammock of muscles that supports the internal organs, including the bladder, bowels, and uterus. Leaks, urinary pain, wild sprints to the ladies' room, and a purse packed with pads are a reality for millions of American women. Yet two out of three of us never tell our doctors, and those who do speak up have waited, on average, 6. Instead, we cross our legs with every sneeze, scope out the fastest route to the toilet at parties, and hope for the aisle seat at movies and on airplanes.

With approximately 73, cases being diagnosed annually, bladder cancer is the sixth most common type of cancer in the U. Each year, about 15, deaths occur from this disease.

All A-Z health topics. View all pages in this section. And when women do experience bladder problems, we often feel too embarrassed to get help…Taking care of your bladder is a way of loving yourself. Bavendam about urinary incontinence on the OWH Blog.

Cystocele (Prolapsed Bladder)

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. What is a cystocele?

SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What Is the Urinary Tract System?

The bladder , like the stomach, is an expandable saclike organ that contracts when it is empty. The inner lining of the bladder tucks into the folds and expands out to accommodate liquid. As the ureters — two tubes that expel urine from the kidneys to the bladder — fill the bladder, the muscle wall thins and the bladder moves upward, toward the abdominal cavity. This stretching can increase the size of the bladder from about 2 inches to more than 6 inches long, depending on the amount of liquid. The typical human bladder reaches its capacity between 16 to 24 ounces of urine, but the urge to urinate comes when the bladder is about one-quarter full.

Too Embarrassed To Tell Your Doc?

The uterus and the bladder are held in their normal positions just above the inside end of the vagina by a "hammock" made up of supportive muscles and ligaments. Wear and tear on these supportive structures in the pelvis can allow the bottom of the uterus, the floor of the bladder or both to sag through the muscle and ligament layers. When this occurs, the uterus or bladder can create a bulge into the vagina. In severe cases, it is possible for the sagging uterus or bladder to work its way down far enough that the bulge can appear at the vagina's opening or even protrude from the opening. When the uterus sags downward, it is called uterine prolapse. When the bladder sags, it is called bladder prolapse, also known as a cystocele.

Apr 21, - Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. A prolapsed bladder can be uncomfortable, but it is rarely painful. Women who have had a vaginal or instrument-assisted delivery, multiple pregnancies, or whose infants had a high birth weight Your risk of anterior prolapse increases as you age.

Jump to content. Two common forms of pelvic organ prolapse are bladder prolapse cystocele and urethral prolapse urethrocele. A cystocele occurs when the wall of the bladder presses against and moves the wall of the vagina.

Uterine And Bladder Prolapse

The Public Education Council improves the quality of resources the Foundation provides. The Council serves to develop, review and oversee the educational materials and programs the Foundation provides. Charitable Gift Planning is a powerful way to ensure your legacy in advancing urologic research and education to improve patients' lives. We provide free patient education materials on urologic health to patients, caregivers, community organizations, healthcare providers, students and the general public, pending availability.

Could Persistent UTI-like Symptoms be Bladder Cancer?

What other factors increase the risk of getting a urinary tract infection? How can urinary tract infections be prevented? Most urinary tract infections UTIs start in the lower urinary tract, which is made up of the urethra and bladder. Bacteria can enter through the urethra and spread upward to the bladder.

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Bladder problems are common in women. The bladder is a muscular, hollow organ where urine is stored after it leaves the kidneys. Bladder problems can be merely annoying or get in the way of everyday activities. The most common bladder problems include urinary tract or bladder infections, urinary incontinence, cystitis bladder pain , and blood in the urine.

Making Sense of Bladder Prolapse


Cystocele (Fallen Bladder)


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