What does a female groin hernia look like
Because of the high incidence of complications, femoral hernias often need emergency surgery. While femoral hernias can occur in both males and females, they occur approximately 10 times as frequently in women than in men because of the wider bone structure of the female pelvis. Femoral hernias are more common in adults than in children. Those that do occur in children are more likely to be associated with a connective tissue disorder or with conditions that increase intra-abdominal pressure.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Abdominal Wall Hernias
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: What is Inguinal Hernia? - Q&AContent:
Femoral (Thigh) Hernia
A femoral hernia occurs when tissue pushes through a weak spot in the muscle wall of the groin or inner thigh. Common causes include being overweight and overstraining while coughing, exercising, or passing stool. Symptoms of a femoral hernia include a lump in the groin or inner thigh and groin discomfort.
It may cause stomach pain and vomiting in severe cases. Femoral hernias are uncommon, accounting for fewer than 5 percent of all groin hernias. Typically, surgical repair is necessary because femoral hernias can lead to severe complications.
In this article, we discuss the causes and symptoms of a femoral hernia, how to get a diagnosis, when to see a doctor, and potential treatment options. A femoral hernia results from internal tissues pushing through a weak point in the muscle wall, near the groin or inner thigh. The exact cause may be unknown. Sometimes, people may be born with a structurally weak muscle wall in the area. The most apparent symptom is a lump on the upper inner thigh or groin. The lump may be tender or painful.
It sometimes may seem to disappear when a person is lying down and may worsen when they are straining. According to research from the North American Journal of Medical Sciences , approximately 60 percent of femoral hernias occur on the right-hand side of the body and 30 percent on the left-hand side. The remaining 10 percent affect both sides. Aside from a small bulge, most femoral hernias do not cause symptoms. However, severe cases may cause:. People who suspect they have a femoral hernia should see their doctor promptly.
This is because there is a high risk of complications that can be serious. Between 35 and 40 percent of femoral hernias do not receive a diagnosis until the person experiences hernia strangulation or bowel obstruction. Research suggests that there is a fold increase in the risk of death in these acute cases.
A doctor will need to examine the bulge and confirm that it is a hernia before recommending repair. They will gently press on the area and may order imaging tests to see the internal tissues. Small hernias that do not cause symptoms may not require surgery.
Doctors may monitor them regularly instead to check for progression of symptoms and the potential for complications. If a femoral hernia becomes trapped, obstructed, or strangulated, it can cause additional symptoms and complications. A strangulated hernia is a life-threatening situation that requires immediate medical attention. This occurs when a hernia becomes trapped in the femoral canal, and it cannot move back into the abdomen. When a hernia and a section of the intestine become entangled, doctors call it an obstructed hernia.
It can lead to a painful intestinal obstruction. This complication arises when a hernia prevents blood from reaching the bowel. It is a medical emergency that can be fatal without treatment. Without immediate surgery, a strangulated femoral hernia can cause the intestinal tissue to die and decay. This can result in life-threatening infection, and so immediate treatment is necessary.
Femoral hernia repair is a procedure to fix the weak portion of the muscle wall. This intervention stops internal tissues from pushing through and causing a bulge. Moderate and severe hernias typically require surgery. There are 2 types of surgery for femoral hernia repair. People having open surgery typically receive general anesthesia, meaning they are fully asleep for the operation.
They may sometimes receive a local anesthetic so that the area is numb, but they are awake for the procedure. The surgeon will begin by making a small incision in the groin to access the hernia. They will move the bulging tissue back into the abdomen before repairing the femoral canal wall with strong stitches or a piece of mesh.
Doctors perform this minimally invasive surgery under general anesthesia. It involves making several small incisions in the lower abdomen. The surgeon will then place a thin tube with a tiny camera, a laparoscope, into the incisions. They will also insert surgical tools into the other incisions to move the tissue back into the abdomen and repair the damaged muscle with mesh. Laparoscopic surgery is not suitable for all patients, for example, those with a very large hernia. Recovery time is, however, usually quicker than open surgery.
There is also less scarring than with an open repair. People recovering from a femoral hernia repair can usually go home the same day or the day after. Recovery can take 6 weeks or more, but most people return to light activities after 2 weeks of rest. People who suspect they have a femoral hernia should see their doctor for a diagnosis. The doctor will decide if treatment is necessary. Anyone with symptoms of a strangulated hernia should call the emergency service immediately.
Emergency medical attention is essential and may be life-saving. After a femoral hernia repair, individuals should contact their doctor if they develop any of the following:.
A femoral hernia is relatively uncommon. The risk of complications, however, means people should see their doctor if they notice a lump on their upper inner thigh or groin, especially if it worsens when they strain. Femoral hernia repair is a relatively straightforward procedure with little risk, and most people make a quick recovery. An epigastric hernia is a bulge created by the bulging of body tissue through the surrounding muscle in the stomach area. This may not cause symptoms….
A look at strangulated hernia, a condition where herniated tissue has its blood supply cut off. Find out about types, complications, and recovery.
In this article, we look at the types of hernia repair herniorrhaphy, hernioplasty , including when to see a doctor, and the risk factors involved. Learn about spigelian hernias, a rare type of hernia that can cause painful symptoms and requires surgery.
We also take a look at diagnosis and…. An incisional hernia is a rare complication of a C-section. Hernias can cause dangerous health issues, so it is important to know the symptoms. How to tell if you have a femoral hernia Medically reviewed by Saurabh Sethi, M. Causes Symptoms Complications Surgery Recovery Seeing a doctor Takeaway A femoral hernia occurs when tissue pushes through a weak spot in the muscle wall of the groin or inner thigh.
Share on Pinterest Moving heavy objects and being obese may cause femoral hernias. What are the symptoms? Share on Pinterest A fever is a potential symptom of a strangulated femoral hernia, which requires immediate medical attention. Surgical hernia repair. Share on Pinterest It is important to rest after femoral hernia repair surgery. When to see a doctor. Medically reviewed by Saurabh Sethi, M. Related Coverage. What's to know about epigastric hernia?
Medically reviewed by Graham Rogers, M. What is a strangulated hernia? Medically reviewed by Daniel Murrell, MD. All you need to know about hernia repair Medically reviewed by Andrew Gonzalez, M. What is a spigelian hernia? Medically reviewed by Judith Marcin, M.
The Differences Between Hernias in Men Versus Women
Your muscles are usually strong enough to keep your intestines and organs in their proper place. Sometimes, however, your intra-abdominal tissues can be pushed through a weakened spot in your muscle when you overstrain. A femoral hernia will appear as a bulge near the groin or thigh. The femoral canal houses the femoral artery , smaller veins, and nerves. Women are more likely than men to suffer from a femoral hernia.
Background: To date, there are few studies and no systematic reviews focusing specifically on groin hernia in women. Most of the existing knowledge comes from registry data. Objective: This present review now reports on such findings as are available on groin hernia in women. For the present analysis 80 publications were identified. Results: The lifetime risk of developing a groin hernia in women is 3—5.
Jump to content. A hernia occurs when an organ protrudes through the wall of muscle that encircles it. There are a few different types of hernias that can occur in the area of the groin. For more information on inguinal and femoral hernias, and the symptoms and treatment methods associated with these hernias, please see below. Inguinal hernias, also known as groin hernias, occur when a bit of tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the muscles between the upper thigh and the lower abdomen. Inguinal hernias are usually caused by an opening in the muscle wall that should have closed before birth but instead remained open. Because of that abnormality, there is a weak spot in the abdomen. When tissue pushes through that weak spot, it creates a bulge, or lump, that tends to be painful, though not necessarily dangerous. The primary symptom of an inguinal hernia is a lump or bulge in the area of the groin.
Find out about the most common hernias in men and women and treatment options that work best for each sex. But other types of hernias are actually more common in women, while still others occur at similar rates in men and women. Hernias occur when an organ or tissue bulges through a weak spot in the wall of muscle that's holding it in. Inguinal hernias aka, groin hernias occur when contents of the abdomen — usually fat or part of the small intestine — bulge through a weak area in the lower abdominal wall into the inguinal canal in the groin region.
Hernias are relatively common and can afflict anyone. But how do you know if you have one? Hernias can be caused by a variety of circumstances.
Signs you might have a hernia
Femoral hernias occur just below the inguinal ligament , when abdominal contents pass through a naturally occurring weakness in the abdominal wall called the femoral canal. While femoral hernias can occur in both males and females, almost all develop in women due to the increased width of the female pelvis. Those that do occur in children are more likely to be associated with a connective tissue disorder or with conditions that increase intra-abdominal pressure. Seventy percent of pediatric cases of femoral hernias occur in infants under the age of one.
Inguinal hernias occur when part of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity omentum or intestine protrudes through a weak spot in the abdomen — often along the inguinal canal, which carries the spermatic cord in men. An inguinal hernia occurs when tissue, such as part of the intestine, protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. The resulting bulge can be painful, especially when you cough, bend over or lift a heavy object. An inguinal hernia isn't necessarily dangerous. It doesn't improve on its own, however, and can lead to life-threatening complications. Your doctor is likely to recommend surgery to fix an inguinal hernia that's painful or enlarging.
A hernia occurs when an internal organ or other body part protrudes through the wall of muscle or tissue that normally contains it. Most hernias occur within the abdominal cavity, between the chest and the hips. Inguinal and femoral hernias are due to weakened muscles that may have been present since birth, or are associated with aging and repeated strains on the abdominal and groin areas. Such strain may come from physical exertion, obesity, pregnancy, frequent coughing, or straining on the toilet due to constipation. Adults may get an umbilical hernia by straining the abdominal area, being overweight, having a long-lasting heavy cough or after giving birth. The cause of hiatal hernias is not fully understood, but a weakening of the diaphragm with age or pressure on the abdomen could play a part.
When part of an organ protrudes through an abnormal opening or in an abnormal way, this is called a hernia. A groin inguinal hernia occurs when part of the intestine bulges through a weak spot in the abdominal wall at the inguinal canal. The inguinal canal is a passageway through the abdominal wall near the groin. Inguinal hernias are up to 10 times more common in men than in women. About one in four men develop a hernia at some point in life.
Back to Health A to Z. A hernia occurs when an internal part of the body pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall. Your muscles are usually strong and tight enough to keep your intestines and organs in place, but a hernia can develop if there are any weak spots. Femoral hernias sometimes appear as a painful lump in the inner upper part of the thigh or groin.
When Fergie sang about "lovely lady lumps," she certainly wasn't talking about hernias. But that's exactly what they are def not lovely tho —little bulges that occur when an internal organ pushes through the wall of muscle or tissue surrounding it, says Mary Ann Hopkins, M. But left untreated, certain hernias can lead to discomfort, pain, and more dangerous conditions like intestinal blockages and even gangrene. Like we said: Hernias occur when your an internal organ busts through its protective layer of tissue and muscle.