You find a middle aged unresponsive man lying
Account Options Connexion. Version papier du livre. Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. Today, the Eleventh Edition transforms how EMS education is delivered throughout the world and helps develop world-class EMS providers around the globe..
Clinical scenario: A patient found unresponsive by the road
Ask the doctor for a referral to one of these health professionals. They can show you how to move the person safely, such as changing his or her position in bed or in a chair. Also, a physical therapist can show you how to move the person's body joints using range-of-motion exercises. During these exercises, you hold the person's arms or legs, one at a time, and move and bend it several times a day.
Movement prevents stiffness of the arms, hands, and legs. It also prevents pressure or bedsores. You may begin to notice some changes in how or when the person eats. He or she may not be aware of mealtimes, know when he or she has had enough food, remember to cook, or eat enough different kinds of foods. This means the person may not be getting the foods or vitamins and minerals needed to stay healthy. Remember that these are just tips. Try different things and see what works best for the person.
You might try to:. This is a serious problem. Incorrect swallowing may lead to choking or breathing food or liquid into the lungs. This can cause pneumonia , which can lead to death. Planning meals ahead and having the food ready can make this task a little easier for you. It helps to make mealtime as pleasant and enjoyable as possible. But, no matter how well you plan, the person may not be hungry when you're ready to serve food.
Dental problems. Skin problems. Once the person stops walking or stays in one position too long, he or she may get skin or pressure sores.
To prevent skin or pressure sores, you can:. Foot care. If the person can't, you will need to do it. Here's what to do:. The person's arms, legs, or whole body may jerk.
This can look like a seizure, but the person doesn't pass out. Tell the doctor right away if you see these signs. The doctor may prescribe one or more medicines to help reduce symptoms. For information on care decisions and medical options at the end of life, visit End-of-Life Care for People with Dementia.
Read about this topic in Spanish. ADEAR Center staff answer telephone, email, and written requests and make referrals to local and national resources. Eldercare Locator toll-free eldercarelocator n4a. National Respite Locator Service www. Hospice Foundation of America info hospicefoundation. National Association for Home Care and Hospice www. NIA scientists and other experts review this content to ensure that it is accurate, authoritative, and up to date.
You can purchase these at a medical supply store or drugstore or online. Ask the home health aide, nurse, or physical therapist how to use the equipment. Move the person to a different position at least every 2 hours. Use a lap board to rest the person's arms and support the upper body when he or she is sitting up. Give the person something to hold, such as a wash cloth, while being moved. The person will be less likely to grab onto you or the furniture. If he or she is weak on one side, stand on the weak side to support the stronger side and help the person change positions.
Also, be aware of how you position your body. Bend at the knees and then straighten up by using your thigh muscles, not your back. Keep your back straight, and don't bend at the waist. Hold the person as close as possible to avoid reaching away from your body. Place one foot in front of the other, or space your feet comfortably apart for a wide base of support. Use little steps to move the person from one seat to another. Don't twist your body.
Use a transfer or "Posey" belt. You can buy this belt at a medical supply store or drugstore. To move the person, wrap the transfer belt around the person's waist and slide him or her to the edge of the chair or bed. Face the person and place your hands under the belt on either side of his or her waist. Then bend your knees, and pull up by using your thigh muscles to raise the person from a seated to a standing position.
You might try to: Serve meals at the same time each day. Make the eating area quiet. Turn off the TV, CD player, or radio. Offer just one food at a time instead of filling the plate or table with too many things. Use colorful plates so the person can see the food. Control between-meal snacks. Lock the refrigerator door and food cabinets if necessary.
Make sure the person's dentures are tight fitting. Loose dentures or dentures with bumps or cracks may cause choking or pain, making it hard to eat. Take poorly fitting dentures out until the person can get dentures that fit. Let the doctor know if your family member loses a lot of weight, for example, if he or she loses 10 pounds in a month. Here are specific suggestions about foods to eat and liquids to drink: Give the person finger foods to eat such as cheese, small sandwiches, small pieces of chicken, fresh fruits, or vegetables.
Sandwiches made with pita bread are easier to handle. Give him or her high-calorie, healthy foods to eat or drink, such as protein milk shakes. You can buy high-protein drinks and powders at grocery stores, drugstores, or discount stores. Also, you can mix healthy foods in a blender and let the person drink his or her meal. Use diet supplements if he or she is not getting enough calories. Talk with the doctor or nurse about what kinds of supplements are best.
Try to use healthy fats in cooking, such as olive oil. Also, use extra cooking oil, butter, and mayonnaise to cook and prepare food if the person needs more calories. If the person has heart disease , check with the doctor about how much and what kinds of fat to use.
If the person has diabetes or high blood pressure , check with the doctor or a nutrition specialist about which foods to limit. Have the person take a multivitamin—a tablet, capsule, powder, liquid, or injection that adds vitamins, minerals, and other important things to a person's diet.
Serve bigger portions at breakfast because it's the first meal of the day. The following suggestions may help with swallowing: Make sure you cut the food into small pieces, and make it soft enough to eat. Grind food or make it liquid using a blender or baby food grinder. Offer soft foods, such as ice cream, milk shakes, yogurt, soups, applesauce, gelatin, or custard. Don't use a straw; it may cause more swallowing problems.
Instead, have the person drink small sips from a cup. Limit the amount of milk the person drinks if it tends to catch in the throat. Offer drinks of different temperatures—warm, cold, and room temperature—to see which might be easiest for the person to drink. Here are some other ideas to help people swallow: Don't hurry the person. He or she needs time to chew and swallow each mouthful before taking another bite.
Don't feed a person who is drowsy or lying down. He or she should be in an upright, sitting position during the meal and for at least 20 minutes after the meal. Stroke gently the person's neck in a downward motion and say "swallow" to remind him or her to swallow. Find out if the person's pills can be crushed or taken in liquid form. To prevent skin or pressure sores, you can: Move the person at least every 2 hours if he or she is sitting up. Move the person at least every hour if he or she is lying down.
Put a 4-inch foam pad on top of the mattress. Check to make sure that the foam pad is comfortable for the person. Some people find these pads too hot for sleeping or may be allergic to them. If the foam pad is a problem, you can get pads filled with gel, air, or water.
Make EMS1 your homepage. You are dispatched to a report of a male found down on the sidewalk in a suburban neighborhood. This will be in front of the residence at Maple Rd.
The cases in this chapter are provided to give a nurse the opportunity to practice categorizing patients using the Emergency Severity Index ESI. Please read each case and, based on the information provided, assign a triage acuity rating using ESI. Answers to and discussions of these cases are presented at the end of the chapter. Return to Contents Proceed to Next Section.
Account Options Connexion. Version papier du livre. This Student Workbook contains exercises to reinforce what you will learn in both Emergency Care and Transportation of the Sick and Injured, Tenth Edition and the classroom. The exercises cover the new National EMS Education Standards and are designed to test your general knowledge, encourage critical thinking, and aid comprehension of assessment and treatment skills. Each chapter includes a variety of exercises to reinforce material learned, including: Multiple Choice—Numerous multiple-choice questions prepare you for examinations. Ambulance Calls—Scenarios help you develop your decision-making skills by describing emergencies and challenging you to come up with solutions. Fill-in-the-Patient Care Report—Gain practical experience filling in patient care reports based on detailed scenarios. Skill Drills—Test your skills with photo jumbles and caption fill-ins. Labeling—Reinforce your mastery of difficult concepts with illustration and photo labeling activities. Perforated pages make it easier for you to hand in homework assignments.
What You Need to Know About a Weak Pulse
Ask the doctor for a referral to one of these health professionals. They can show you how to move the person safely, such as changing his or her position in bed or in a chair. Also, a physical therapist can show you how to move the person's body joints using range-of-motion exercises. During these exercises, you hold the person's arms or legs, one at a time, and move and bend it several times a day. Movement prevents stiffness of the arms, hands, and legs.
Unconsciousness is when a person is unable to respond to people and activities. Doctors often call this a coma or being in a comatose state. Other changes in awareness can occur without becoming unconscious. These are called altered mental status or changed mental status.
Chapter 15 quiz Flashcards Preview
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Your pulse is the rate at which your heart beats. It can be felt at different pulse points on your body, such as your wrist, neck, or groin. When a person is seriously injured or ill, it may be hard to feel their pulse. A weak or absent pulse is considered a medical emergency. Usually, this symptom indicates a serious problem in the body.
Emergency Severity Index (ESI): A Triage Tool for Emergency Departments
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Unconsciousness - first aid
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